New Criticals

Machinery under capitalism was not designed to decrease the average workers toil but to “cheapen commodities…by shortening the part of the working day in which the work works for himself [and lengthening] the other part, the part he gives to the capitalist for nothing.” [5] Capitalist developmental ideology tells us: “We are working hard to make work easier on you.” The stress here is the relationship between machines, capitalism, labor and the character of machines in industrial capitalism. Even if manufacturing disappears from view, machines will not, though that does not mean that machines will always look and work the same. A machine can essentially be anything, so long as it possesses certain characteristics, is technological, fits into a system of capitalism that employs it as a means of production, and, as a means of production, works first and foremost for capitalism by making labor more efficient and productive.