New Criticals


[1] 506
[2] Ibid.
[3] Ibid., 507.
[4]  The positioning of the quote above with the preceding sentence does not mean to suggest that women are either inferior laborers, or incomplete developmentally, but that machinery allowed for a diverse range of bodies to labor productively.
[5] Ibid., 517.
[6] It, additionally, depreciates the value of labor in total by dispersing that value across the entire family. Wages, at a certain point prior to mechanic industrial manufacturing, were paid based on the value of labor-time required to maintain an individual worker and the accompanying family. When it becomes expected that women and children work, wages can be decreased.
[7] In particular, the employment of women allowed for the exploitation of domestic and reproductive labor, the first (and most significant) engagement with forms of unwaged labor integrated as a necessary function of the capitalist system.
[8] Ibid., 526
[9] This is the most destructive force of capitalism, the foundational exploitation. Even if the working day goes form 10 hours to 8 hours, the working day remains longer. It is longer than necessary; the capitalist gets more than he pays for. The work day is never simply a measure of the hours worked in a day.