The early Internet experience was often disjointed and fragmented – dial-up was slow, the lack of certain features commonplace today - centralization, hyper-linking, and indexing - made navigation arduous, the number of pages was limited. Like any nascent medium, it had its shortcomings, both technologically and socially. The Internet today can suffer from similar pitfalls, due in part not to a lack of structure but more due to superabundance. It also exists as it exists. The Internet is overstaurated, overwhelmed (as for us? not so much). As free electronic mail services like Hotmail and Yahoo! became more popular features of the web (and as a consequence the proprietary companies more profitable), the market locked down. Corporations controlled the circulation of capital (via information) in a very simple way: e-mail addresses (registered and validated by user's biographical information) were valuable. There was little room for so-called unsanctioned business. Spammers carved out a necessary space.